Ambulation or gait is the repetitive components of walking and is collectively known as the gait cycle. Everyone has their own unique gait characteristics that distinguish their style of walking. The gait cycle has two phases:
- Stance Phase: begins with the heel strike of one foot and ends when that foot leaves the ground. It includes the activities of when the foot is in contact with the ground and accounts for 60% of the gait cycle. During stance, gravity, and ground reaction forces (GRFs) are the external forces acting on the lower extremity.
- Swing Phase: begins as soon as the foot leaves the floor and ends when the heel of the same foot touches the floor again. It includes the activities of when the foot is not in contact with the ground and accounts for 40% of the gait cycle. During swing, gravity and air resistance are the external forces acting on the lower extremity.
Ambulation training is equipment is used to help individuals improve their ability to stand up, walk, move around, and regain functional independence. The training equipment devices can provide a broader base of support, support bars for arms, ramps for training on incline terrain, and other devices that provide stability and support, minimize stress on affected joints, allow the person to improve their balance, leg strength, coordination, learn to make adjustments to obstacles, and to do all of the aforementioned by providing a safe and stable place to perform the various training exercises.
Therapists use ambulation or gait training equipment as part of physical therapy for persons who are recovering from injury, surgery, stroke, and other conditions that have resulted in weakened muscles, loss of normal balance, or has altered gait or ambulation patterns.
Ambulation training equipment includes parallel bars and training stairs.
Check out the ambulation training equipment offered through ProHealthcareProducts.com providing a variety of wood base, steel base, wall mounted, floor mounted, height and width adjustable, and platform base, parallel bars, and training stairs of various steps, wood or stainless-steel options, and platform configurations.